Episode 42-Pentecost, My Reflections on the Day

Mt Sinai Exodus 19


  • Exodus 19-20 (cf. Exo. 34:22; 26:16; Num. 28:26)
  • The mixed multitude that came out of Egypt hear the voice of Yehovah in their own tongue
  • Pentecost was the Feast that Moses told Pharaoh he was instructed to take Israel out to the wilderness and worship God
  • Prophetic shadow picture—Acts 1, 2
  • The counting of the Omer is commanded in Leviticus 23:15,16
  • Preparations in receiving God (Exo. 19:10,14 cf. Acts 1)
  • Terminology
  • Pentecost=Shavuot=Feast of Weeks
  • Holy Spirit=Ruach Kodesh
  • God=Yehovah, Yahweh
  • Jesus=Yeshua=Yehoshua

Pentecost Acts 2

  • Luke 24:45-49 (incident 245)
  • Jesus ascends to His Father on the 40th day of the counting of the Omer, leaving 10-days for the disciples to prepare for the coming of the Spirit
  • Mark 16:15-19; Luke 24:50,51
  • Luke 24:52,53 the disciples return to Jerusalem and await the Feast of Pentecost
  • Begin Acts of the Apostles
  • The Law (Torah) is written on their hearts
  • Acts 1:1—O Theophilus=likely means, O beloved of Yehovah as in Luke 1:1
  • Acts 1:2,3—Luke 24:51 ends with Jesus’ascension
  • Referring to the 40-days Jesus taught His disciples—opening their minds and eyes to the connection between Torah/Tanakh and Himself
  • After His ascension, commandments from Jesus came via the Holy Spirit
  • All of this was occurring on the 40th day of the Counting of the Omer (Thursday, June 10, 28 CE)
  • Acts 1:4,5
  • Commandment to stay within the confines of Jerusalem
  • Wait for the Promise of the Jesus
  • John the Baptizer’s revelation and prophecy of Jesus
  • Acts 1:6,7—the disciples’ focus remained on Jesus setting up His Kingdom here on earth instead of the Great Commission and the sealing of the breach—the renewing of the covenant
  • This may not still have been clear to them even at this point in the story
  • Denominationalism’s focus is on the Person of Christ—His death, burial and resurrection
  • Acts 1:8—reasserts that the Holy Spirit would be received by them and from there they will boldly fulfill His Great Commission
  • Acts 1:9-11—Jesus ascends to His Father
  • Acts 1:12-14—The disciples left the Mount of Olives and set up temporary abode in an “upper room”—likely a townhome—the inner circle of 11
  • They gathered together daily in Solomon’s Porch on the Temple Mount with other disciples daily
  • They continued in the place of prayer and supplication=the Temple—with women and Mary
  • Luke 24:52,53; Acts 3:11; 5:12
  • Acts 1:15-22—The election of Mathias
  • Here Peter attempts to fulfill prophecy and create parameters around the prophecy
  • Replace Judas from among the 120 disciples
  • Following presumptuously Jesus’ pattern—Luke 6:12-17
  • Jesus had 2-tiers of disciples—the inner circles of 12 and the general disciples
  • Peter’s actions fell outside of the directives of the Master. Peter’s seemingly good intentions were still wrong. Mathias was never heard from again in the Holy Writ
  • The replacement for Judas was the Master’s choice and that person was none other than Paul
  • The Master gave specific direction to His disciples. As true disciples we are to obey and do accordingly—nothing more, nothing less
  • Our wills must be in alignment with that of the Father, otherwise, we do stupid things like hold an unauthorized election to select an apostle that the Master hadn’t chosen
  • We can never see the whole plan of God—only the parts that involve us and that which involves us, when He reveals the plan to us—need to know basis—reference Acts 1:6,7
  • Acts 2:1—Truth and Fiction begins
  • The upper room where the apostles were staying was likely some townhouse in Jerusalem—possibly where the Master had His last supper with His inner circle of 12
  • Acts 1:14 suggests that the apostles temporarily resided in the upper room, but each day—10-days leading up to Pentecost—they went to the place of prayer and supplication—likely Solomon’s Porch on the Temple Mount
  • Here they met some 120-disciples, including women, in obedience to the Master
  • This period was prophetically portrayed in Exodus 19—the disciples in this case readied themselves to receive the promise
  • Pentecost was one of the 3-pilgrimage feasts of the Lord, thus many thousands of devout Israelites would be in Jerusalem, especially at the Temple, during this particular time. Here, it was midmorning, likely 0900 hours (reference Acts 2:15)
  • Tradition has taught that all of this was taking place in the “Upper Room”—but a careful read of the passage clearly paints a different picture altogether
  • Denominationalism teaches doctrine that is often cloudy and just bad doctrine
  • Acts 2:2-4—The coming down of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples of Christ was foreshadowed in the brilliant story that took place at the base of Mount Sinai (reference Exodus 19:16-25)
  • The date was June 20, 28 CE, the passage indicates that the house where they were sitting was filled with the Holy Spirit (Hebrew=Ruach Kodesh); “house”=Beit haMikdash—likely refers to “the house of prayer” as recorded in John 2:16,17
  • Tradition places this event at/in the “upper room,” but remember:
  • 120 disciples and 12-apostles would likely be hard pressed (literally) to fit in what we would understand to be an “upper room”
  • Pentecost mandated the presence in Jerusalem and the Temple of every able-bodied Israelite male
  • The fire this time (referring back to Exodus 19) divided and came upon each one of them and they were filled to overflowing with the Holy Spirit
  • This event/this outpouring, occurred in the presence of thousands of devout Israelites attending the Feast of Weeks (aka: Pentecost and Shavuot) at the Temple
  • This fulfilled John the Baptizer’s prophecy—John 1:29-34
  • Acts 2:5-11—The amazing power of the Holy Spirit as it was being manifest within and among the 120-disciples and 12-apostles, transcended language—the dozens of dialects and cultures and races represented here no doubt able to hear and understand the proclamations and praises of the disciples in their respective tongues (i.e., languages)
  • Reminiscent of the mixed multitude that left Egypt. At the base of Mount Sinai when Father uttered forth His commandments to the people, they likely heard the pronouncement in their own tongues/languages
  • The Creator confounded the languages, He can certainly temporarily unconfused them
  • 3,000 souls were added to the ekklesia that day. Reference Exodus 32:28—3,000 souls perished at the breaking of the covenant at Mount Sinai
  • We must walk in Spirit and in Truth—Truth being the Word of God, His Torah
  • We must beware of tradition and read the Bible for our own selves and not let denominations teach us the Bible
  • If we are to properly and fully learn of His ways and gain the truth from Scripture:
  • Discern the difference between the Greek, the Hebrew, the Christian denominations’ mindsets
  • We must adopt fully a Biblical mindset
  • Pentecost was about the fulfillment of Isaiah 58:8-12 8 Then shall your light break forth like the dawn, and your healing shall spring up speedily; your righteousness shall go before you; the glory of the LORD shall be your rear guard. 9 Then you shall call, and the LORD will answer; you shall cry, and he will say, ‘Here I am.’ If you take away the yoke from your midst, the pointing of the finger, and speaking wickedness, 10 if you pour yourself out for the hungry and satisfy the desire of the afflicted, then shall your light rise in the darkness and your gloom be as the noonday. 11 And the LORD will guide you continually and satisfy your desire in scorched places and make your bones strong; and you shall be like a watered garden, like a spring of water, whose waters do not fail. 12 And your ancient ruins shall be rebuilt; you shall raise up the foundations of many generations; you shall be called the repairer of the breach, the restorer of streets to dwell in. 13 “If you turn back your foot from the Sabbath, from doing your pleasure on my holy day, and call the Sabbath a delight and the holy day of the LORD honorable; if you honor it, not going your own ways, or seeking your own pleasure, or talking idly; 14 then you shall take delight in the LORD, and I will make you ride on the heights of the earth; I will feed you with the heritage of Jacob your father, for the mouth of the LORD has spoken.” (Isa 58:8-1 ESV) and Jeremiah 31:33 33 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. (Jer 31:33 ESV)(cf. Hebrews 10:16; 8:10)
  • The breach that occurred at Sinai was fixed that fateful day of Pentecost
  • The Church (ekkesia) did not replace Israel—instead, that broken covenant was renewed…this time, Gentiles would be invited in—this time the Torah (the Father’s Word) would be written on their hearts

Take the time to cull from these notes the particular passages we discussed and conduct a full fledged prayerful study of your own. Ask yourself Christian:

  1. All that I’ve been taught by my denomination: is it true? Is it false? Have you been taught anything of any consequence on the significance of Pentecost?
  2. Is my focus on that which Jesus has directed you to do? Or is your focus based upon your denomination’s agenda and focus?
  3. Where do I go from here with my life?
  4. Contact us if you have any questions, we are here to provide resources and guidance to you—the truth seeking believer in Messiah
  5. Talk this content over with those whom the Father places within your sphere of influence

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